DAIRY TECH EXPO-2018
India is the world's largest producer of milk by volume, accounting for more than 13% of world's total milk production, and it also has the world's largest dairy herd. This is because India has 75 million dairy farms, about half of the all dairy farms in the world. India has an edge over many developed countries because its cost of production is lowest in the world and hence it enjoys a comparative advantage in the production of milk. The only problem with India is high cost of conversion to dairy products. It might be due to lack of scale at both production and processing level.
Only 12% of the total milk produced in the state is currently processed in the organized sector to make milk products against the national average of 17%. The largest producer of milk is Uttar Pradesh with 16.8 % of the total 163.7 million tonnes of milk production in the country, followed by Rajasthan which produces 11.8% of the total milk. Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat stand as the third and fourth largest milk producers with 8.2% and 7.8% of the total milk produced respectively.
It has been observed that between 2012-13 and 2016-17 states like Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Punjab, Maharashtra, Haryana, Bihar and Tamil Nadu had a progressive trend in the production of milk while Uttar Pradesh remained the largest producer of milk during the entire period.
However, the per capita availability of milk in UP was found to be only 345 grams per day against the national average of 352 gram per day. UP was at the 11th position with Punjab topping the chart at 1075 grams per day, followed by Haryana, Rajasthan and Gujarat.
The Government of Uttar Pradesh has brought several policies to develop dairy sector and to save bovine to enhance milk production, breeding improvement, which will boost this sector to gain new heights and will contribute to State GDP. There has been a remarkable development in dairy sector on all fronts from machinery to feed, supplement, technologies, researches, which can be demonstrated for better understanding and implementation.
In this context, Centre for Agriculture and Rural Development jointly with Department of Dairy Development, Government of Uttar Pradesh with the support of National Bureau of Fish Genetic Resources is organizing a three day Dairytech Expo-2018 at National Bureau of Fish Genetic Resources, Telibagh, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh from December 11 to 13, 2018.